Open Science – according to the definition provided in the UNESCO Preliminary report on the first draft of the Recommendation on Open Science z of September 30, 2020, is a concept that includes various practices of sharing research results, strengthening scientific cooperation, exchanging information for the benefit of science and society, and opening the process of creating and transferring scientific knowledge, taking into account social entities outside of scientific circles.
The concept of open science covers a number of phenomena, among which the key ones are:
- open access to both publications (open access) and research data (open data)
- open peer review
- open source software
- Open Educational Resources
- citizen science
Selected portals devoted to open science: